Category Archives: Photography

A Month in the Life… Orchid in Winter


I love new discoveries.

I love flowers.

But, as much of a flower nut as I am, I only like them alive. Mark is not one of those guys who can get away with a quick stop bouquet as a gift for any occasion.

So, I generally skip right through the flower displays at the entrances of super markets. But Trader Joe’s often has living plants as part of their display, so I pay more attention. And they often have Orchids.

I must admit, although I am in awe of their beautiful structures, I have always been intimidated about forming a close relationship with Orchids. What little I had heard about them convinced me that their need for a moist environment was not in keeping with my beloved, but very dry, habitat.

Last week, I was just in need of a beauty hit. That’s all there was to it.

So, I adopted this orchid and brought it home to the Garden Room (which actually is pretty humid).

I read the tag.

When the blooms fall off, you go through all kinds of shenanigans for months until the plant is ready to bloom again. I do not do well with shenanigans, so I figured this relationship would be short lived. After all, my Hibiscus blossoms fall off after just a day or two.

But the blossoms on this orchid showed no signs of fading.

On Christmas Eve, as is our habit, we partied with good friends at their gallery in Santa Fe.

There on the counter was the same orchid – with the blossoms in beautiful condition – just like mine.

“I guess you’ve been to Trader Joe’s too,” I said to my friend, Mary.

“No, those were a gift from someone during Indian Market,” she said.


Indian Market was in mid August!

And their gallery is not even humid.

So, orchid blooms can last that long? Happy day! I really must learn more about them. Anything you want to share?


I have installed this possibility for you.

In my opinion, the Comments section of this blog is just as valuable as the main posts. That is where we can have our conversations and share our opinions. I think it will be great to also be able to show and tell.

The procedure is very easy. There is just a button at the bottom of the Comment box to add an image, and that is all there is to it.

You can add JPG, PNG, or GIF files and that is listed there in the Comment box.

If your image is not the right format, you will be told before you post your Comment.


The blog is capable of resizing, but does not do a very good job of it.

So, I suggest that you Resize your photo to no wider than 600 pixels wide at 72ppi. That is the width of the column and your whole photo will show up nicely.

Whenever I say RESIZE, I see a lot of eyes glass over. It is perceived as a very hard thing.

It is not a very hard thing.

If you have any version of Photoshop or Elements . . .

Open your photo and choose Image Resize from somewhere in the menus (different location in different versions).

If you can’t find it, hold down Option and Command on the Mac, or Alt and Control on the PC, and type I (for Image).

This box will pop up…


First make sure Resample Image and Constrain Proportions are checked.

(It is important to do the next two steps in order.)

Second, change the number in the Resolution box to 72.

Third, change the Pixel Width box to 600.

Click OK.

You now have a perfectly resized photo for use on the web.

SAVE AS the photo with a new name so you don’t change the size of your original. Make sure you are saving as a JPEG or PNG.

Choose this new version from your computer to Upload to your Comment.


Let’s test our new Comment feature.

If you have a beautiful flower anywhere around you at this time. let’s see it!


A Month in the Life. . . Only One Moment

There are moments in life when you know you are looking at something you will never see again.

Look at this photograph and think about it for a minute.

What is going on here?

Maybe you would see something like this on the ocean.

But the nearest ocean is over a thousand miles away.

Is it a sunrise?

No, the color isn’t right.

Is it a sunset?

Again, the colors aren’t right. If a sunset looked like this, there would be life-threatening storm clouds to worry about.

This is a moonrise.

With contrails running through it.

It was the night of November 30.

I was just taking the Huskies out for their  final “relief” before bed.

And this sky was just there waiting for us.

It’s a very good thing my camera is never far away.

If there is a heaven anywhere, I think it is right over there.

A Month in the Life . . . Eye Candy

I haven’t really reported on the Garden Room this year, but with the fifteen Hibiscus and the help of my alcohol spray, things are looking pretty good.

It is pretty tricky to photograph any orange, yellow, or red flower in any bright light – the color bleeds out. So, I took this one in the dark – almost – at sunrise with the iPad camera, which somehow, seems able to do what most real cameras can’t. I don’t get it, but that thing takes the best photos in the lowest light.

Photography is changing so much as the result of the digital age. It is becoming so many different things that sometimes you must wonder if the original art form will continue to exist at all.

And then you run across something like the National Geographic Travel Photo contest.

National Geographic is like the Holy Grail for photographers. I don’t mean photo-shooters. I mean *real* photographers who understand photography as a fine art form.

The editors at National Geographic have set the bar so high that even the best of the best, feel honored to have their work accepted.

National Geographic editors are notorious for upholding standards that most folks don’t even know exist. For example, they will not even look at landscape photos that were shot at anytime between dawn and dusk because they know that dawn and dusk are the only time the light lends itself to awesome landscape photography.

I forgot about looking for the contest results in July, and was just recently reminded to go look.

There are 40 photos to view and each is accompanied by a little story about where and when it was taken. A couple of the photos are not what I would call up-to-snuff, but enough of them are heart stoppers to make this a celebration of excellence, a great travelogue, and a reassurance that photography is not a lost art. Not yet anyway.

Enjoy the journey:

National Geographic Travel Photo Contest

Tech Tuesday #2 – Texture

Every Tuesday will not contain a Photoshop/Elements lesson because I could not put that kind of obligation on myself, but I was fooling around with this today and I thought I may as well share.

I found a website where a Brazilian designer gives away a texture each Tuesday.

I thought that was nicely coincidental.

Here is the link:

There are quite a few Textures on that page to choose from, and she has many more in the archives.

What do you do with textures?

That is a good question, and I can give you a couple of answers. Your own creative instincts will give you plenty more, I am sure.

I downloaded this Texture from the site.

Although the Textures offered are 300ppi, the size is only about 2 inches wide. So, you must Resample the image to match the size of the photo you want to use it with. Both the Resolution and the width must match.

The best photos for this effect are ones that already have some personality going on – personality that will be enhanced by the texture.

I took this Sun Face photo in Indiana back in 2010. The lighting was not ideal but I like the color and the concept of a “sun” in shade, and the crescent moon shape of the shadow spoke to me as well.

This photo is approximately 8 inches wide so I sized the Paper Texture image to match.

The next step is to drag one file into the other.

(If you do not know how to drag images into each other or to deal with Layers, you need my Photoshop Elements Kindergarten Workshop).

When you drag one file into the other, it will come in on a Layer of its own – above the original.

So, there are a couple of choices to make that will yield different results.

I first dragged the Paper Texture to the Sun Face file. I selected the Paper Texture Layer and changed the Normal Mode to Multiply. This results in only the parts of the Paper Texture that are darker than the photo to show.

I really liked what happened here. You can fine-tune the effect with the Opacity Slider for the Paper Texture Layer.  I used Save As to save this image without affecting my two original files.

Then, for a different look, I opened my original photo again and dragged it over to the Paper Texture file (which was still open). This time the photo is on top of the texture.

I played with the Opacity Slider for the photo Layer to allow some of the texture to show through (about 70% Opacity for the photo in this case). This creates a much softer and muted version . . .

And, it’s a little too muted for me, so I used the Unsharp Mask Filter at 165 (Radius of 2.3) to create this version which I like a lot better.


Here is a comparison of the original and the two textured versions, so you can see the very different reults of the two methods . . .

With the variety of Textures provided by Tuesday Total Textures, and all the images in your own stash, it could be awhile before you run out of interesting art images!! You can create your own textures by taking photos or scanning things too.

A Gift for You . . .

Recent versions of Photoshop and Elements have maddening workspaces which lock your photos up in a framework of clutter – making it VERY difficult to work with more than one file open and see what you are doing. I can’t stand it, so I put together a little PDF on how to slap that workspace into shape. You can always put it back the way it was, but I don’t think you will want to.

Hang on to this PDF. Next time I will show you how to read PDF files as iBooks on your iPad and maybe your Kindle or Kindle App (if my sources are correct, you can do that now. You could not do it before, so that would be a happy addition).

Have fun!

Can You Say CUTE?

Remember my trip up to Pueblo, Colorado a couple months back? We delivered my nephew to school at Colorado State. He got settled in and had three nice roommates.

Then he had four – because he fell in love with an adorable Siamese kitten who needed a home.

His landlord did not fall in love so much, and kitty again needed to find a home.

His Mom, his Grandmother, and his Godmother/Aunt (me) were all kitten-smitten just from hearing about her – and seeing a six second video Chris sent to his Mom’s phone.

To make a long story (and another trip to Pueblo) shorter, this is Missy and her best friend, the stuffed dog, in their favorite place on top of my mother’s sofa.

This is what she does when not taking apart my mother’s new, used-to-be-organized, house, or reducing her crystal collection to shards.

We really, really love her – and it’s a good thing.

My Mom thought she was queen of her domain. Now, not so much . . . there’s new royalty in town.

And speaking of pets . . .

I named the Hummingbird Helen . . .


I found out she is a Black-Chinned Hummingbird and is indeed a girl. The black spot on her chest helped identify her. They Winter on the Central Mexico coast or on the Gulf of Mexico. I do think she has left on her trip now, but one never knows. At Wild Birds Unlimited, they told me to leave the feeders out for two weeks without seeing her just to be sure. It has been two days if I am not hallucinating.

Friday, I spent a good deal of time rigging a heat zone. Interesting stuff that you might like to know about. Helen helped me the whole time – flying around my head and posing for more photos. I got it all done and she left town. I do think she liked it though.

Anyway, this will be handy in the Spring, when I always get Hummingbirds too early, and can’t put the feeders out because of freezing nights.

I used plumbers heat tape – which is a flat electric cord with a thermostat that is used to keep pipes from freezing. It goes on when the temp hits 38º and becomes warm enough to keep the feeders from freezing. I started with a 3 foot version. . .

Just a couple of wraps around the bottom of the feeder kept the water fine overnight. I was even able to remove the lights I was using.

I then bought a 15 ft version and wrapped the excess through the “branches” of the metal tree the other feeder was hanging on, creating a warm zone in case Helen needed it. That’s a ceramic birdhouse at the top that also hangs in that tree. I wrapped the cord around it a couple times too.

Here’s the Amazon Link for those Heat Tapes in case you’re interested:

Easy Heat

And while I was at Wild Birds Unlimited, I bought something I have wanted for years. Every Winter, I take my ceramic birdbaths in and set out cheesy plastic plant dishes instead (they won’t break when the water freezes). Every dawn, I go out in my PJs, dump the ice, and fill the bath with warm water. Good for them – too cold for me.

This year I had a little rock waterfall that the birds LOVE, and it would not work in the shallow plant dish, so I finally invested in a heated birdbath. Between the moving water and the low heat  in the bath when the thermostat detects freezing temperatures, the water doesn’t even think about freezing.

Amazon has heated Birdbaths too (for less than I paid!

Heated Birdbath

That’s the news from a Winter garden, where the birds are warm and happy, and I know more than I used to. Helen taught me a lot!

It’s not over til it’s over . . .

Oh my, what a week!

To make a long story short, DH took over a home furnishings consignment shop located next door to the Art Garden when the owner fled in the night this past July.

Mark is really good at spotting and collecting cool things, and wheeling and dealing (he was in the car business, remember?), so he has been enjoying that business. It is very humorous because the lease is a sublet that goes only through November, so we can’t cut a hole in the wall, and Mark has to go back and forth between the two stores according to where customers want to go. He recently went into the bank across our parking lot, and the teller said, “We know who you are! You’re that guy who runs back and forth unlocking doors all day. We stay entertained by watching you.”

So, with the end of that sublet coming up, we have big decisions to make, and in this lousy economy, they aren’t easy. To make it more difficult, the most desirable location in the center has just become available. We could combine both businesses in one, and be located in a beautifully landscaped courtyard between the restaurant and the post office. I thought we could change the name to “He Says . . . She Says . . .” –  because the store would contain both businesses. Do you like the name?

Do we want to stay in retail? That is the dilemma.

It is such a dilemma that it made me come up with this quote (which will shortly be a greeting card):

“If God gives you dilemma, make dilemma-nade.”

But in the middle of all of this, a Hummingbird has decided to stay late this year. First time this has ever happened, and I am amazed. She has made it through several below freezing nights – one with rain and a little snow.

I did research and found out they can survive whole Winters if they have a source of food.

I don’t know why she thinks this is a good idea, but I decided not to worry too much because Albuquerque is only 50 miles away and has a much milder climate.

Meanwhile, I have to keep the nectar in the feeders from freezing. It is not true that you keep the hummingbirds from migrating by keeping the feeders out – you should keep them out if there are still any Hummers around because they need the nectar to survive when there are no longer any flowers. (I’ve been researching).

This is the only way I can think of to keep the feeders from freezing – and it worked last night. The one feeder that was not warmed by a lamp did freeze halfway.

I also am setting out a couple of flowering plants from the garden room during the day, so my little pal can have some natural food. And of course, I am taking hundreds of photos of her (him?)

I will keep you posted.

And speaking of  photos . . .

The Creating with Photoshop Elements Workshop started yesterday and the students were so excited with the first lesson that they are already uploading some awesome “Polaroid Transfer” results.

Here is one by Helen Cowans (UK). The original photo she worked from is also shown on her blog – along with some great fabric work!

And here is one by Barb Bruemmer (Michigan) . . .

And I love how this subject worked for Gigi Kandler (California) . . .

There is something so romantic about the Polaroid Transfer. I have always loved them and am so glad there is still a way for us to recreate the look.

Yes, you can still get in on the fun. Here’s the link:

Between a Rock and a Hard Place

I just had the gift of another trip to Manitou Springs, Colorado. This time, my sister delivered her son for his senior year playing baseball for Colorado State, and since they drove his car from California, she asked me to come and get her in Pueblo. CO. Since Manitou is just forty minutes north of Pueblo, a Manitou weekend was a no-brainer.

At one of the entrances to the Garden of the Gods Park, there is a magnificent giant boulder, sitting impossibly on a rock formation. They call it Balance Rock, and at any one time, there are 50-100 tourists there – taking pictures of each other pretending to hold up this rock. My sister is a lover of this type of photo, so we stopped there too. It was very hot, but she scampered up the rock and waited for me to take her picture.

This was complicated by the fact that only one person can stand at the correct vantage point at a time and there were lots of would be picture-takers.

And the person currently occupying the spot was a woman who could not figure out what to do with her point-and-shoot, which obviously must have belonged to either the husband or son, who were both baking under the Balance Rock waiting for her to press that shutter and get their picture.

As MUCH time went on with no progress, the natives were getting restless. My sister was making faces and gestures in my direction which meant (when translated) “Take that damn camera from her hot little hands, and take the picture for her before we all turn crisp!!”

I hesitate to do that sort of thing. It’s like letting someone sneak into a traffic lane ahead of you or holding the door open for folks. The stream of recipients of your kindness just keep streaming, and where do you stop?

I had my “big girl” camera on my shoulder, and several of the strangers were making the same kind of faces and gestures at me as my sister was. But, selfishly, I did not want to spend the next piece of my life figuring out the buttons on twenty brands of pocket cameras.

The lady did finally hit that shutter with the help of another person in line who maintained that she didn’t know anything about it either. Our turn came, you can see my sister holding up Balance Rock, and all is well.

Later, I was trying to capture the haunted feel of the windows in a wonderful old blue building in downtown Manitou. To keep the windows squared up, I was shooting from across the street with a long lens.

When you have a long lens on your camera, people think you know something. A very sweet couple from Tennessee ambled up and wanted to know all about their digital camera. We chatted for ten minutes or so, and decided they needed a new camera for the wildlife they wanted to shoot (not right there in Manitou, although we did have deer and a bear cub at our hotel that morning – luckily, at different times).

It is estimated that 100 million digital cameras sold in the United States last year, and that does not count the ones in phones.

All of these cameras are magical in what they can do, and so few of these hundred million camera owners know what they can do or what to do with them.

It’s a good thing the cameras can take OK pictures by themselves or we would be truly overrun with bad photography.

Well, we are  overrun with bad photography . . . but it could have been a lot worse if the cameras didn’t at least know what they were doing.

How about you? Do you know much about your digital camera?

Here’s just a tiny bit of a quiz:

Do you know how to take that kind of photo where only the subject is in focus and everything else is a lovely blur?

Do you know what ISO is? (It’s the light sensitivity of the image sensor). Do you know how it affects your photos? Do you know that if you have your ISO set high and you shoot in bright daylight, you can blow your photos out to white?

Did you know that the camera’s flash should be avoided most of the time?

Did you know that all the blurry red flowers in your photos have nothing to do with bad focus?

Did you know that your camera will not focus within a certain distance from the subject?

Did you know that zooming in on a subject flattens the depth of the subject?

I could go on and on, but I won’t.

Do you want to know any of this stuff?

Tomorrow begins the last session for this year (and maybe the last live session forever) of my Art of Digital Photography Workshop, which I think is the best workshop you can take to learn all about your camera – and about photography. I could be more modest about that, but it would not be fair to the workshop.

If you would like to join us, you can click the Art of Photography logo in the sidebar, or this link:

Sign-ups are accepted through the first week of the workshop.

Now, here are a few more of my sister’s “tourist shots”.

You gotta love a town that has a giant school desk sitting by the side of the road, and Cass really wanted to sit in it, but her legs were not long enough to get her up there.

And here is Rainbow Cass . . . anything interesting and she is there!

And, this trip, I was determined to visit, taste, and photograph all eleven of the natural mineral springs for which Manitou Springs is famous. I will be sharing much more about this art project as it takes shape. Meanwhile, Cass got Mom in on this shot . . .

I collected water from all the Springs that were functioning. I will be painting each of them with their own water and some other interesting things.

I wish I could show you the video of Cassie hula-hooping in Walgreens. I will if I can figure out how to get it from iphone to You Tube or my Mobile Me Gallery.

She is fun on a trip – I am thinking of renting her out.

In Search of Glory . . . and the Perfect Journal

Morning Glory Sunshine © 2005, jessica wesolek, santa fe, nm

The Glory is the Morning Glory, and we’ll get to that story in a minute.

The perfect journal is much harder to find. In fact, I haven’t found it yet.

But, I sometimes come close and I am very happy with my most recent discovery. My current Moleskine has been devoted to the most recent road trip, and so I decided to try a sketchbook found at the local art supply. It bills itself as “the only sketchbook you’ll ever need”. Pretty big talk so I had to try it.

Found the size I wanted (6″x9″) at Dick Blick here:

Bee Paper Aquabee Super Deluxe Sketchbook

The book is spiral bound, has 60 sheets of 93lb paper with a nice tooth, and a nice natural white color. (The color of my Moleskine Sketchbook drives me crazy.)

As soon as it arrived, I took it for a full test drive.

I love to tell stories in my art journals, and this is the story of my struggle to get Morning Glories in my garden this year.

The Uniball pens worked beautifully, and a tiny vignette using a waterbrush and the tips of watercolor pencils as a palette did not warp the paper at all. Nor did anything bleed through. The photo was printed on my Magic Matte 36lb and attached with double-stick tape. So far, so good.

More Uniball pens to write in different colors, and illustration done with watercolor pencils applied dry and blended with a waterbrush. Background wash applied with pan watercolors and waterbrush. Very little warping even with broader wet area.

Illustrations of the Solo cup is done with watercolor pencils applied dry and blended with a waterbrush. Photograph at the bottom is a Sheer Heaven transfer. I trimmed around the rock shapes on the Sheer Heaven before transferring.

This is just Uniball pen and another photo, but you can see the intense Solo cup painting through the paper – just barely.

Illustrations done with watercolor pencil. Even blending right to the page edge on the pepper shaker, did not warp the page. The bunnies were traced with Pitt Pens onto Sheer Heaven and transferred to this page. Notice how they are the mirror image of their previous appearance?

Everything I have tried so far in this sketchbook has been pleasing. It is fulfilling many of my requirements for the “perfect” journal, but I am not done yet – I have to try a larger, wetter,watercolor illustration and a large transfer, so stay tuned. The cost of the 6″ by 9″ Sketchbook at Dick Blick is around $10, and there are larger and smaller sizes available.

Just so you won’t be in suspense, the Morning Glories are still unmolested. This system really works!

New to this world . . .

You just never know what will brighten your day – and use up a big chunk of it too!

I was at the desktop computer, when my cat Angel, who was watching Cat TV right next to me, started chattering.

I looked up in time to see a bird land on my planting table (just outside the window), and tuck himself into a little cave made by my hose nozzle in its holster, and a plant that was awaiting transplant and some TLC.

The bird had a hard time folding its wings in and I thought it might be injured, so I started paying attention. He got settled in there and started chirping. Along came mother Robin with a tasty bug and fed it to him.

“OMG,” I said to Angel, “that’s a baby bird just learning to fly!”

“Yum”, she said.

“Off to the bedroom with you,” I said.

With both cats locked away, I ripped the screen off the window, opened it wide, grabbed the camera, and spent the next hour shooting this little sweetheart.

He could hear the shutter and would give me a look – wondering if I might bring him a bug, because Mom wasn’t bringing any more – regardless of how much chirping went on.

She wanted him to fly some more, so she was keeping herself – and the bugs – at a distance. And he would try – get all determined and ready to go . . .

And then chicken out, and sit there all disappointed with himself. We know that feeling, don’t we?

Or maybe, he was just thinking about bugs.

After more than an hour, and more than 100 photos, it was now or never – and away he went. I missed the shot, of course.

But I did see he and Mom hopping and flying around the garden, and having a great time. I discovered later that there were three little ones to look after, all hopping and flying and banging into things,etc.

Mom had a job! At one point, she showed the stress too. I never saw a bird with such ruffled feathers!

The Greatest Photo Paper for Art Journals . . .

OK, I am always saying “greatest”. But I only say it when I believe it.

My internet business, basically consists of two parts:
One part is made up of Art, Photography, and Journaling instruction via online workshops.

The other part is about paper, and of course, the star is Sheer Heaven, which has become famous around the world.

But the rest of my papers are also wonderful – for many projects – and also different from anything else out there. They just haven’t had the “press”.

So, now and then, I am going to let you know how I use some of these papers, and why I think they are best for the job.

I am not a fan of books that are splayed and straining to burst their bindings. I understand that some folks have learned to love such things, but, especially with my art journals, I like books that can sit neatly on my bookshelf, since I have so many volumes to store.

I also use lots of photos in my art journals. Some I transfer in with Sheer Heaven, and some I print and attach with double-stick tape.

I much prefer matte prints for my journal because they do not fingerprint and I handle these books a lot. I also do not want the photos to smear if they get a drop of water on them because I may be using watercolor right “next door” to them, so to speak.

There are many brands of premium matte photo paper in the world, but most are quite thick – at least as think as cardstock. I might add more than a hundred photos to a single volume of my journal. Picture the thickness of a stack of 100 sheets of cardstock! That’s a binding breaker if ever there was one.

Also, prints on these papers are not smear proof if they get wet.

So, my favorite photo paper for my journal photos is from my own line of “Magic” papers, Magic Matte Collage 36lb.

Although the coating produces a photo of premium print quality, the paper is only slightly heavier than copy paper, so when it is adhered to journal entries, it adds very little thickness to the page.

And, the print is also waterproof. This is double protection for me because I already use a pigment inkjet printer with waterproof ink. But if I used an HP, a Canon, or any of the other dye based inkjet printers, the coating of Magic Matte would make even those notoriously smeary inks waterproof.

In the journal spread above, I have done a typical thing for me, and combined photo prints with watercolor sketches. In the continuation of the table surface, I was able to start drawing my lines right on the photo without disturbing it, and in the sunflower at the upper right, I actually cut the metal sunflower out of its background, glued it in with gluestick, and painted all the reddish petals right up against the photo with a waterbrush without any fear of running the ink on my print.

Even on pages where photo prints are facing each other, not much thickness is added to the spread.

I love this paper so much that I have put it on the supply list for the Travel Journaling Workshop coming up, and offered it in a special Student Package.

Because I love my readers too, I am going to offer you that same package up until July 15, the start date of the Workshop. Consider it a Subscriber Special.

This special package contains a Ten Pack of Sheer Heaven and a Ten Pack of Magic Matte 36lb for $15.

You can look at this as getting $1 off a Ten pack of Sheer Heaven and getting the Magic Matte free.

Or you can look at it as buying the Ten Pack of Magic Matte ($5) and getting the Sheer Heaven for $1/sheet (just like the 20/20 sales I have every now and again). Usually, you have to buy the 100 Pack to get that sheet price.

Either way you look at it, this is a very good deal.

So, even if you are not able to take the Travel Journal workshop at this time, if you are reading this, you are invited to take advantage of the paper deal until the workshop starts.

You will find it in the Online Workshop part of the Shopping Cart here (It will be the third item down):

Paper Package

Why is this paper called Magic Matte Collage instead of Magic Matte Journal?
Well, when I named this paper, I was not yet an art journaler and did not know how important it would be for that purpose, but I did know it was a Godsend for collage work.

Because the print is waterproof, it will not smear when painted over with acrylic medium, and it won’t wrinkle either if you first apply a thin coat of medium to the back, place the photo in the collage and let that dry, and then apply medium over the top. The color is fabulous too.

And did I mention how wonderful this paper is for scrapbooking?